What Are Irrigation Systems?


       Irrigation is the process of artificially adding water to meet the water needs of plants.  Nutrients can also be supplied to plants through water.  Various sources of water for irrigation are wells, ponds, lakes, canals, tubular wells and even dams.  Irrigation provides essential moisture for growth and development, germination and other related functions.

       Irrigation is the man-made process of applying controlled amounts of water to land to aid agricultural production. Irrigation Tallahassee helps to grow agricultural crops, preserve landscapes, and re-green disturbed soils in dry areas and in periods of below average rainfall.  Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, inhibiting weed growth in grain fields, and preventing soil consolidation.  On the other hand, agriculture which depends only on direct rainfall is said to be plural.

       The frequency, rate, quantity and timing of irrigation are different for different crops and also vary depending on soil type and time of year.

       Let us have a look at the different types of irrigation:-

       Irrigation Types

       Different types of irrigation are practiced to increase crop yield.  This type of irrigation system is practiced on the basis of different types of soil, climate, plants and resources.  The main types of irrigation adopted by farmers are:

       Superficial pour

       There is no irrigation pump involved in this system.  Here the water is distributed over the ground by gravity.

       Localized irrigation

       In this system, water is supplied to each plant through a network of low pressure pipes.

       Sprinkler irrigation

       Water is distributed centrally through high pressure sprinklers or mobile platforms.

       Drip irrigation

       In this type water droplets are released near the roots of the plants. 

       Central pivot sprinkler

       In this water is distributed by a sprinkler system which moves in a circle.

       Sub Irrigation

       Water is distributed through a valve system of pumping stations, ditches and canals, which raise the water table.

       Manual watering

       This is an irrigation system that is very time consuming and laborious.  Here water is distributed by hand sprinkling.